Gestational diabetes (GDM) can be something that many mothers may encounter during their pregnancy term. It’s not a medical condition that only affects their their health, but their unborn babies as well. Furthermore, there’s still plenty of uncertainty revolving around the facts about GDM and the consequences that they bring.
What kind of preventive measures should be taken if you’re a pregnant mother? Well, here are just a few facts about GDM that you should definitely know about during your pregnancy term.
1. GDM Can Emerge Late In Pregnancy
The thing about GDM is that it’s difficult to detect in many cases. Apart from being thirsty and urinating all the time, it doesn’t show any noticeable symptoms. While most conditions are detected during a regular blood test that’s usually done in between the 24th to 28th weeks of pregnancy, it might be too late to reverse a few side-effects by then.
Hence, it’s important to constantly screen yourself throughout your pregnancy, even before the scheduled blood test. This way, you’ll be able to monitor your condition and catch any possible signs of GDM. In fact, a recent study has shown that early detection has been proven to reduce or eliminate any potential complications arising from the disease.
2. GDM Has A Higher Chance To Occur Within Certain Groups
Depending on their background and profile, there are people who may have a higher chance of being diagnosed with GDM. Certain racial groups such as Asians or American-Africans are more likely to suffer from the disease compared to their counterparts. Similarly, women who are obese or have suffered from diabetes before will be more prone to GDM during their pregnancy.
Women who have a family history of diabetes are also at high risk of being diagnosed with GDM as well. Plenty of research has shown an increased chance of developing the disease when a woman in question has a sibling, parent or a grandparent that’s been previously diagnosed with diabetes.
3. GDM Can Cause Complications In Birth
For a pregnant mother diagnosed with GDM, the irregular levels of blood sugar in her system can complicate the baby’s development in the womb. These changes may present many problems such as jaundice or hypoglycemia, where your baby suffers from low blood sugar due to extra insulin production in the body, during childbirth.
Pregnant mothers suffering from GDM are also at risk in giving birth to large sized babies. Termed as macrosomia, this condition is caused by excess glucose from the mother being passed on to the developing baby. A large baby can cause plenty of trouble during delivery, such as needing a cesarean section, and will be prone to future problems such as obesity and abnormal blood sugar levels.
4. GDM Can Return In Subsequent Pregnancies
If you’ve suffered from GDM in a previous pregnancy, there’s a higher chance that you may contract it again in your next one. Research has shown that two out of three women who were diagnosed with GDM during one pregnancy have eventually developed the condition again in subsequent pregnancies.
The chances of being diagnosed with GDM for subsequent pregnancies also increases when you’re overweight as well. Experts have recommended that you should reduce your body weight index to below 25, as to lessen the chance of the condition resurfacing after becoming pregnant with another baby.
5. GDM Can Be Treated By A Healthy Lifestyle
Should you be diagnosed with GDM, there are still plenty of ways to reverse it without any form of medicine or hospitalization. With a healthy, controlled diet that includes wholemeal and food that’s low in unsaturated fat, as well a pregnant-friendly schedule of regular exercise in yoga, pilates and walking, you’ll keep your blood sugar levels at a healthy constant.
Take the time to rest and recover when you can, as a lack of sleep has been linked to an increased risk of GDM among pregnant women. Also, if you fancy a cigarette every now and then, it’s probably time to kick the habit, as there’s a sharp increase of developing the disease among smokers during their pregnancy.
While GDM can be a frightening medical condition to be affected by, most cases can be easily managed with proper dieting and an active lifestyle. Just as long as you stick to your doctor’s advice, rest assured that you’ll encounter minimal, if not any, trouble during your pregnancy term.
If you’re looking for some extra help in your medical procedures at home, we at CaregiverAsia do have experienced home nurses who are more than capable in handling your needs and taking care of your GDM symptoms. Get in touch with one here!
Related articles you might like:
Did you enjoy this article? There's more where that came from. So, come subscribe to our blog to make sure you do not miss the interesting, informative, and some fun articles and videos we share!