COVID-19 is a respiratory infection caused by a new coronavirus This virus was first discovered in Hubei Province, China. Recently, the World Health Organization (WHO) has deemed COVID-19 to be a pandemic.
How Would You Know If You Contracted COVID-19?
The signs and symptoms of COVID-19 include fever, dry cough and tiredness. Other symptoms may include aches and pains, nasal congestion, runny nose and sore throat.
How is COVID-19 Transmitted?
COVID-19 is transmitted through droplets from someone with COVID-19 who coughs or sneezes within a distance of 1 meter (3 feet). Droplets can also be transmitted by touching contaminated surfaces or objects and then touching your eyes, nose or mouth.
How long is the Incubation Period?
The incubation period of COVID-19 is currently estimated to range between two to14 days.
Who is More Susceptible to COVID-19?
Older people and those with pre-existing medical conditions e.g. high blood pressure, heart disease, lung diseases, cancer or diabetes are at a higher risk because these groups of people have lower immunity.
What Are the Three Most Important Things You Can Do To Minimise The Risk of Infection?
Wash your hands frequently with soap and water using proper handwashing steps or use hand sanitizer if you do not have ready access to hand-washing basins. Practice respiratory etiquette; if you have to cough or sneeze, do it into a tissue and dispose the used tissue appropriately. Maintain a social distance of 1 metre (3 feet) minimum.
What if You Have To Travel?
- Always bring along surgical masks and sanitizers for use when required
- Avoid crowded places and close contact with people showing symptoms
- Avoid visiting animal farms and market selling live animals, slaughterhouses, and avoid touching any animal
- Avoid eating raw or undercooked meat
- Seek prompt medical treatment if symptoms develop
Why is Screening Important?
Screening is crucial as it allows infected patients to avoid infecting others and to quickly receive the care they need. Proper testing will also lower the rate of infection. When infected people do not know that they are infected, they may not stay at home – thereby running the risk of infecting others.
The screening test involves taking a simple swab sample from the throat. The sample will be sent to the lab to be tested and results are normally available after one to two days.
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